How Many More Times
'How Many More Times' is a 1969 song by English rock band Led Zeppelin. The song was composed by Jimmy Page, John Paul Jones, and John Bonham, and recorded and mixed at Olympic Studios, Barnes, England in October 1968. It appeared as the final track on Led Zeppelin's eponymous debut album Led Zeppelin, released on 12 January 1969. 'How Many More Times' is an epic blues rock song, that lyrically pays tribute to a number of blues styles, and is underpinned by a bolero-style rhythm. It was a regular encore song for live performances enabling singer Robert Plant to introduce the band members on stage, until supplanted by 'Whole Lotta Love' after 1970.
One of only two tracks which credits all members of Led Zeppelin (Plant was contracted to CBS Records and was left off the original album credits, though this has been corrected since 1993), 'How Many More Times' is a melding of material that both the Page-era Yardbirds, and Plant and Bonham-era Band of Joy and Obs-Tweedle were performing. The song lyrically showcases Plant's love of the blues, and he undoubtedly had a large influence in the song's construction, arrangement, and adaptation. The line, 'I got another child on the way, that makes eleven' refers to his unborn daughter, Carmen Jane Plant, who was born a month or two after Led Zeppelin recorded this album. Page's guitar bowing technique is put to use in this recording and bass player John Paul Jones' walking bass line is prominent throughout.
Although the song is over eight and a half minutes in length, the sleeve has three minutes thirty listed instead. Whether this was a printing error by Atlantic Records or an attempt to deceive radio stations into playing the 'shorter' track, has never been confirmed.
In early performances, Plant typically introduced the rest of the band during the opening bassline, as can be seen during the Danish TV appearance on the 2003 Led Zeppelin DVD. On the first few tours, 'How Many More Times' was typically played as an extended encore with Plant and the band throwing in additional medleys into the song. When 'How Many More Times' was eventually dropped after the 1970 Bath Festival, this practice continued with 'Whole Lotta Love'. It was performed again during the 1971 Japan tour, and briefly returned on the 1975 US tour after Page was unable to play 'Dazed and Confused' due to a finger injury. Page and Plant performed the song again on their 1998 tour, where their peformance at Shepherd's Bush was eventually released as a compact disc single.
- Jimmy Page – electric guitar, producer, remastering, digital remastering
- Robert Plant – vocals
- John Paul Jones – bass guitar
- John Bonham - drums, percussion
- Peter Grant – executive producer
- Glyn Johns - engineer, mixing
- Joe Sidore - original CD mastering engineer (mid-1980s)
- George Marino - remastered CD engineer (1990)
- Lewis, Dave (2012) Led Zeppelin: From a Whisper to a Scream. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-1-78038-547-1 (OCLC 782996334).
- Welch, Chris (2009) Led Zeppelin: The Stories Behind Every Led Zeppelin Song. London: Carlton Books. ISBN 978-1-84732-286-9 (OCLC 317254118).
- 'How Many More Times' (1969, Danish TV) at ledzeppelin.com
- APRA: GW02303658
- ASCAP: 380136049
- GEMA: 371767-001
- ISWC: T-070.075.920-1
- US Copyright Office: EU0000096058
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