Dazed and Confused

'Dazed and Confused' is a 1969 song by English rock band Led Zeppelin. The song was composed by Jimmy Page, and recorded and mixed at Olympic Studios, Barnes, England in October 1968. It appeared as the fourth track on Led Zeppelin's eponymous debut album Led Zeppelin, released on 12 January 1969. 'Dazed and Confused' became a centrepiece recording for the first album and a live favourite, often being performed up to 45 minutes in length with an extended multi-part guitar solo involving a violin bow.


On this song, guitarist Jimmy Page played a 1958 Fender Telecaster, riding a wah peddle and utilising a violin bow in short bursts, first suggested to him by English violinist David McCallum, Sr. during Page's session days. The lyrics by Robert Plant (who was uncredited on the album due to contractual reasons with CBS). Beginning with a slow blues tempo, and signature descending bass line from John Paul Jones, 'Dazed and Confused' then burst into life with explosive drumming from John Bonham, and a heavy guitar riff by Page, that was later widely copied by many hard rock bands including Black Sabbath for 'Paranoid'. Page would then perform a guitar solo intermixed with his trademark violin-bowing technique. The tension and dynamics between the various instruments and musicians allowed the band and the audience to get off on a musical 'high'. In post-1977 concerts, Page would also including a laser light pyramid to his solos. It became a regular on the band's set list, and its length allowed them the freedom to extemporise musically into an improvised free-form jam, often including a medley of other songs, which meant that no two performances of the song was the same.

Live performances

'Dazed and Confused' formed an integral part of their live set, from their first ever tour in Scandinavia 1968. A 29 minute version was performed for the 1976 film The Song Remains the Same, where it was used for Page's eerie fantasy sequence, climbing a Scottish mountain in search of knowledge. Other live versions can also be found on the BBC Sessions (1997), How the West Was Won (2003), and DVD (2003) releases. After the 1975 tours, 'Dazed and Confused' was dropped but parts of it was included in showcase guitar solos with a laser pyramid display in 1977 and 1979. The song was performed as part of their 2007 O2 reunion show at the Ahmet Ertegun tribute concert. Page has also performed this song for his solo tours.


  • Rock and Roll Hall of Fame - The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll (1994) *
  • Pause & Play - Time Capsule Inductions - Songs (1998) *
  • New Musical Express - 117 Songs to Soundtrack Your Summer (2003) *
  • Toby Creswell - 1001 Songs: the Great Songs of All Time (2005) *
  • Pitchfork Media - The 200 Greatest Songs of the 1960s (2006) 11
  • Q - The 20 Greatest Guitar Tracks (2007) 2
  • Q - 21 Albums That Changed Music - Key Track (2007) 6

(*) designates unordered lists.



  • Jimmy Page – electric guitar, producer, remastering, digital remastering
  • Robert Plant – vocals
  • John Paul Jones – bass guitar
  • John Bonham - drums, percussion


  • Peter Grant – executive producer
  • Glyn Johns - engineer, mixing
  • Joe Sidore - original CD mastering engineer (mid-1980s)
  • George Marino - remastered CD engineer (1990)


  • Lewis, Dave (2012) Led Zeppelin: From a Whisper to a Scream. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-1-78038-547-1 (OCLC 782996334).
  • Welch, Chris (2009) Led Zeppelin: The Stories Behind Every Led Zeppelin Song. London: Carlton Books. ISBN 978-1-84732-286-9 (OCLC 317254118).

External links


  • APRA: GW03264344
  • ASCAP: 340128276
  • GEMA: 714509-001
  • ISWC: T-070.041.166-0
  • US Copyright Office: EU0000096052

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