Band of Joy
Band of Joy were a 1960s English blues-rock band from Birmingham. The group is notable as having two musicians in their various line-ups, Robert Plant and John Bonham, who would later on join Led Zeppelin. They were also one of the first West Midlands groups to use a psychedelic light show, which matched their experimental musical style and sound.
Following the dissolution of Listen, at the start of 1967, Plant joined friends in a new group called Band of Joy, which was founded by Pete 'Plug' Robinson (drums), Chris Brown (organ) and Mick Reeves (bass guitar), and Jamshedpur-born guitarist Vernon Pereira (ex-the Stringbeats). Pereira was the cousin of Plant's future wife, Maureen Wilson. The band was managed by the father of Chris Brown. Band of Joy's wide variety of influences ranging from the blues to the up-and-coming progressive sounds of the West Coast music scene, combined with Plant's vocal acrobatics, made them local favourites, particularly at the Black Horse and the Chateau Impney. The band also appeared early in their career at the Adelphi ballroom, the Three Horseshoes public house in High Street, Stirchley, and Casa Bambu. Their tall bass player Mick Reeves was also noted for stage diving into the audience. The group initially drove to gigs in a dilapidated van, until panel beater Harry Barber, a friend of the band, offered to become their roadie using his own van. Plant recalled that the Band of Joy was the first time everything fell into place: 'I'd been singing with a lot of groups and I'd written a few songs about myself that didn't really have the right amount of balls behind them that they should have. It really just went around in circles until I formed the first Band of Joy.'
The band became regulars on the 'Regan circuit' performing at the Old Hill Plaza, Rookery Road Plaza, and Handsworth Ritz, in Birmingham. In January 1967, the Band of Joy began a Sunday night residency at the Ship and Rainbow in Wolverhampton, arranged through local booking agency Nita Anderson Presentations. There was growing tension with the band's management, and this residency came to an end after a dispute over lyrics. Soon afterwards, Plant was asked to leave the original Band of Joy line-up, for telling the drummer he was slowing down too much. He was replaced by vocalist and guitarist Mickey Cox. This line-up then toured Scotland without Plant.
Plant then set off on a short lived solo career, which yielded his first single 'Our Song' (backed with 'Laughin', Cryin', Laughin' CBS 202656) in March 1967, with backing singers Madeline Bell and Kiki Dee. He then formed a rival second Band of Joy group with friend and neighbour Kevyn Gammond (under the stage name Carlisle Egypt), who played guitar for many North Worcestershire bands, with Paul Lockey on bass guitar, and drummer John Trickett. The band from this period on were sometimes billed as Robert Plant and the Band of Joy. Their psychedelic light show was programmed by local Kidderminster College student Abdul Benson. Guitarist Lyndon Laney was also temporarily in the line-up for some gigs. The band adopted wearing full face paint with hippy regalia (kaftans, beads, and bells) on stage, and Plant regularly drove the band van to gigs. During one evening in 1967, when the band was performing at the Ship and Rainbow, Plant was forced to do an unaccompanied session because of an electrical fault which cut out the amplifiers, which wowed the audience.
Unfortunately, conflicts caused Plant to form a third and final version of the Band of Joy. This line-up included drummer John Bonham, who had previously been in the Crawling King Snakes with Plant, and lasted over 14 months. Plant recalled: 'It was debatable whether he'd [Bonham] join because it was a long way to go and pick him up, and we didn't know whether we would have the petrol money to get over to Redditch and back! We always laugh about that. It turned out to be a really good group. It was a combination of what we wrote ourselves, which wasn't incredible, and re-arrangements of things like 'She Has Funny Cars' and 'Plastic Fantastic Lover.'
They also recorded at Regent Sound Studios in London. These sessions produced their version of Billy Robert's 'Hey Joe', a Buffalo Springfield cover 'For What It's Worth', and originals 'Memory Lane', and 'Adriatic Sea View'. This final track was later included in a charity compilation cassette for Kidderminster College in 1989. 'Memory Lane' was the first song written by Plant and Bonham and is about a street called Dagger Lane in West Bromwich. Despite these demos, the band were unable to secure a major record deal or obtain the services of Procol Harum and the Move's manager Tony Secunda who had expressed an early interest in managing them. They secure a support slot for American singer Tim Rose who was touring the United Kingdom, and they performed at the Middle Earth in Convent Garden, and the London 'in' club, the Speakeasy, gaining notice in the city's underground music scene. However they could only average £60 - £70 per night for performances, and Plant had to rely reluctantly on Maureen Wilson to help out with living expenses. Further bad luck followed, with the band's van breaking down and having to be towed away by Paul Lockey's father. The group lost momentum, and in late February 1968, Bonham was invited by Rose to join his backing band about to tour the UK again for a series of summer dates, and the Band of Joy folded. Plant began performing and recording with Alexis Korner and pianist Steve Miller in London before joining Obs-Tweedle, and Gammond and Lockey joined country-rock group Bronco. The Band of Joy demos for 'Hey Joe' and 'For What It's Worth' were later officially released on the 2003 Plant compilation album Sixty Six to Timbuktu.
In August 1968, management decided to fulfil two outstanding gigs using a different line-up of the Band of Joy. The band performed at the Bay Hotel, Whitburn, Sunderland and Quay Club in Newcastle upon Tyne, with Paul Lockey, Chris Brown, Micky Cox, Pete Robinson, and Harry Barber.
Reformation in 1977
Gammond and Lockey were instrumental in reviving a new Band of Joy in 1977, planning to re-group to play benefit gigs for the families of local band Possessed, involved in a fatal motorway crash. On 25 October 1976, returning from a show in Carlisle, their van collided with a beer tanker on the M6. Singer Terry Davies, aged 26, guitarist Vernon Pereira, aged 32, and bassist Mick Reeves, aged 27, were killed. Vernon Pereira was a founding member of the original Band of Joy line-up in the 1960s, and was a cousin to Robert Plant's wife Maureen Plant. Despite strong rumours of Robert Plant or John Bonham being involved in some capacity the concerts didn't happen as planned, and instead a recording line-up settled on bassist John Pasternak, drummer Pete Robinson (soon replaced by Francesco Nizza), and keyboardist Michael Chetwood, and completed an eponymous album Band of Joy in 1978. A second album entitled 24K was recorded but not released until 1983 after this version of Band of Joy had split. Gammond later formed Priory of Brion with Plant in 1999, and Chetwood joined T'Pau.
2010 album and tour
In 2010, Plant resurrected the name Band of Joy for his touring band and album called Band of Joy. The 2010 line-up includes no original members of Band of Joy bar Plant. When explaining why Band of Joy was reformed, Plant stated: 'The first Band of Joy was quite extreme, psychedelic … I'm thinking Grande Ball Room Detroit, the Blue Cheer. We would have been right at home alongside [Love guitarist] Arthur Lee. This gets me back to the things that allowed me to be a singer, to end up with the New Yardbirds and then Led Zeppelin. If I hadn't been into this kind of extreme sound I never would have hooked up with Jimmy [Page].' The album was his second best selling of his solo career and the subsequent tours were well attended.
In August 2011, Plant announced that the Band of Joy line-up would be placed on indefinite hiatus as he will explore other music.
1960s demos can be found on the Robert Plant compilation album Sixty Six to Timbuktu (2003) #27 UK, #134 US
- Band of Joy (1978)
- 24K (1983)
- Band of Joy (2010) #3 UK, #5 US
- 'Angel Dance' (2010)
- 'You Can't Buy My Love' (2010)
- 'Harm's Swift Way' (2011)
- North American tour 2010 (13 July 2010 - 31 July 2010)
- European tour 2010 (14 October 2010 - 2 November 2010)
- North American tour 2011 (18 January 2011 - 20 June 2011)
- European tour 2011 (19 July 2011 - 5 August 2011)
- Barber, Harry (2010) The Band of Joy. Birmingham: Blurb Inc.
- Bonham, Mick (2003) Bonham by Bonham: My Brother John. London: Icarus Publications. ISBN 978-0-9545717-0-2
- Bonham, Mick (2005) John Bonham: The Powerhouse Behind Led Zeppelin. London: Southbank Publishing. ISBN 978-1-904915-11-9 (OCLC 61302889).
- Daniels, Neil (2008) Robert Plant: Led Zeppelin, Jimmy Page & The Solo Years. Church Stretton, Shropshire: Independent Music Press. ISBN 978-0-9552822-7-0 (OCLC 181422774).
- Hornsby, Laurie; and Lavender, Mike (1999) Brum Rocked!: the Story of the People and Places That Shaped Birmingham's Role in the History of Rock. Birmingham: TGM. ISBN 978-0-9536951-0-2 (OCLC 43337781).
- Joynson, Vernon (2008) The Tapestry of Delights Revisited: The Comprehensive Guide to British Music of the Beat, R & B, Psychedelic and Progressive Eras 1963-1976. Rev. edn., Telford, Shropshire: Borderline Productions. ISBN 978-1-899855-15-5 (OCLC 234289233).
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